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Reference Sources: Subject encyclopedias help you quickly get the "big picture."

SUBJECT ENCYCLOPEDIAS give a short, more indepth & reliable overview than many free online sources.  Note heading terms & index keywords for efficient online searching. 

Try some of the examples below or search MnPALS >>Adv. >>Lib to search: >>CC Reference.

Macmillan Ency of Philosophy Ref B41.E5
Internet Ency of Philosophy


Ency of World Cultures Ref GN307.E53 

Ency of Religion Ref BL31.E46 
or: Catholic Encyclopedia
Catholic Church
Ency of Bioethics Ref QH332.E52
 or National Ref Ctr for Bioethics Lit

Ency of Psychology  Ref BF 31
Encyclopedia of Psychology Jacksonville SU 

 McGraw-Hill Ency of Science & Tech
    Ref Q121.M3 2007

Ency of the Renaissance  Ref CB361.E52

 Ency of Addictions & Addictive Behaviors  Ref RC564.G95 

CQ Researcher Ref H35.E35 (or print in lib) Social Issues Encyclopedia  *For efficient printing, choose PDF!)

Points of View Reference Center  Ebscohost

Encyclopedia of Drugs & Alcohol RefHV5804.E53 

Opposing Viewpoints Research Center


West's Ency of Amer Law RefKF154.W47

General Encyclopedias: (NON-academic topics):
Encyclopedia Britannica Ref AE5.E363 

Almanacs & Factbooks provide efficient access to facts & statistics to support your findings & connect with your reader:

World Almanac RefAY67.N5W7

Infoplease (Time) Almanac  Ref AY64.I55 print in lib

Statesman's Yearbook  Ref JA51.S7

CIA World Factbook   Ref G122.U56

Statistical Abstract  Ref HA202 .S82     

FedStats (Stat Abst, Metro Databk, Health US, Educ Stats, Rept of the Amer Workforce, & Nat Transportation Stats)

Almanac of the 50 States  Ref A214.A44

Criminal Justice Statistics

County & City Data Book  Ref HA202.A36

U.S. Census Statistics 2010 homepage

eHRAF World Cultures research database

FirstGov  Federal Resources

Congressional Qtrly Almanac Ref JK1.C66

FRED: Federal Reserve Economic Data

Injury Facts   Ref HA217.A4  or
NSC.org  National Safety Council

Librarian's Index to the Internet


 Martindale's Ref Desk 

Thomas Legislative Information Lib Congress access to federal bills & laws

Northstar: MN Government   State of MN info

World Climate 

Dictionaries & other Reference sources may help you understand what you read or direct you to other sources. 


Acronyms, Initialisms &  Abbrev. (define SCUBA) Ref P365.A28 
 or    Acronyma

Oxford English dictionary OED Ref PE1625.M87 word origins
or AskOxford.com (selected words)



Allusions--Cultural, Literary, Biblical & Historical Ref PN43.A4  or   Glossary of Literary Terms

American Heritage dictionary Ref PE1625 .A24  or

Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary & Thesaurus 


Contemporary Authors Ref Z1224.C158
& Contemp Literary Criticism PN771.C59   or
 Discovering Collection  Select Literature: Authors/Works/Topics